Pollinator Research

Pollinator Partnership staff scientists can help answer your research questions and provide services including:

  • Develop research questions, protocols and methodologies
  • Conduct studies on impacts of practices on pollinators
  • Monitor sites for pollinator populations
  • Research on plant-pollinator interactions
  • Ecosystem, community, and population-level studies
  • Rare and endangered species conservation research
  • Best Management Practice comparisons

Contact us for more information and to discuss the details of your research project and see below for some examples of our work.

Contact Us

P2 Science Publications

Pollinator Partnership Research Team Wins Reviewers' Choice Award

Pollinator Partnership is excited to announce that our research team's submission to Environmental Entomology has won the Reviewers’ Choice Award! Check out the research article Floral Resource Competition Between Honey Bees and Wild Bees: Is There Clear Evidence and Can We Guide Management and Conservation? by our incredible team members Dr. Victoria Wojcik, Dr. Lora Morandin, Laurie Davies Adams, and Kelly Rourke by clicking HERE.

Albrecht, M. Kleijn, D. Williams, N. M. Tschumi, M. Blaauw, B. R. Bommarco, R. Campbell, A. J. Dainese, M. Drummond, F. A. Entling, M. H. Ganser, D. de Groot, G. A. Goulson, D. Grab, H. Hamilton, H. Herzog, F. Isaacs, R. Jacot, K. Jeanneret, P. Jonsson, M. Knop, E. Kremen, C. Landis, D. A. Loeb, G. M. Marini, L. McKerchar, M. Morandin, L. Pfister, S. C. Potts, S. G. Rundlof, M. Sardinas, H. Sciligo, A. Thies, C. Tscharntke, T. Venturini, E. Veromann, E. Vollhardt, I. M. G. Wackers, F. Ward, K. Wilby, A. Woltz, M. Wratten, S. 2020. The effectiveness of flower strips and hedgerows on pest control, pollination services and crop yield: a quantitative synthesis. Ecology Letters, 23:1488-1498.

Boyle, N.K., Pitts-Singer, T.L., Abbott, J., Alix, A., Cox-Foster, D.L., Hinarejos, S., Lehmann, D.M., Morandin, L.A., O’Neill, B., Raine, N.E., Singh, R., Thompson, H.M., Williams, N.M., and Steeger, T. 2019. Workshop on Pesticide Exposure Assessment Paradigm for non-Apis Bees: Foundation and Summaries. Environmental Entomology, 48:4-11.

Buchmann, S. 2011. Moths on the Flatbed Scanner: The Art of Joseph Scheer. Insects 2011, 2, 1 - x ( It can be located as follows: ISSN 2075-4450 www.mdpi.com/journal/insects)

Christina M. Kennedy, Eric Lonsdorf, Maile C. Neel, Neal M. Williams, Taylor H. Ricketts, Rachel Winfree, Riccardo Bommarco, Claire Brittain, Alana L. Burley, Daniel Cariveau, Luísa G. Carvalheiro, Natacha P. Chacoff, Saul A. Cunningham, Bryan N. Danforth, Jan-Hendrik Dudenhöffer, Elizabeth Elle, Hannah R. Gaines, Claudio Gratton, Sarah S. Greenleaf, Andrea Holzschuh, Rufus Isaacs, Steven K. Javorek, Shalene Jha, Alexandra M. Klein, Kristin Krewenka, Yael Mandelik, Margaret M. Mayfield, Lora Morandin, Lisa A. Neame, Mark Otieno, Mia Park, Simon G. Potts, Maj Rundlöf, Agustin Saez, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Hisatomo Taki, Julianna K. Tuell, Blandina Felipe Viana, Ruan Veldtman, Catrin Westphal, and Claire Kremen. 2013. A global quantitative synthesis of local and landscape effects on native bee pollinators across heterogeneous agricultural systems. Ecology Letters, 16(5): 584-599.

Franklin, M., L.A. Morandin, and M.L. Winston. 2004. Effects of Clothianidin on Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colony health and foraging ability. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(2): 369-373.

Garibaldi, L.A., L.G. Carvalheiro, S.D. Leonhardt, M.A. Aizen, B.R. Blaauw, R. Isaacs, M. Kuhlmann, D. Kleijn, A.M. Klein, C. Kremen, L. Morandin, J. Scheper, R. Winfree. 2014. From research to action: enhancing crop yield through wild pollinators. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12(8): 439-447.

Garibaldi, Lucas; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Kremen, Claire; Morales, Juan; Bommarco, Riccardo; Cunningham, Saul; Carvalheiro, Luisa; Chacoff, Natacha; Dudenhöffer, Jan; Greenleaf, Sarah; Holzschuh, Andrea; Isaacs, Rufus; Krewenka, Kristin; Mandelik, Yael; Mayfield, Margaret; Morandin, Lora; Potts, Simon; Ricketts, Taylor; Szentgyörgyi, Hajnalka; Viana, Blandina; Westphal, Catrin; Winfree, Rachael; Klein, Alexandra. Stability of pollination services decreases with isolation from natural areas despite honey bee visits. 2011. Ecology Letters, 14(10): 1062-1072.

Gutierrez, R.V., D.W. Roubik, F. J. Guemex-Ricalde, S. Buchmann and Wilberto Colli-Ucan.
2012. Journal of Apicultural Research,

Guzman, L.M., T. Kelly, L. Morandin, L. M’Gonigle, E. Elle. Closing the research-implementation gap using data science tools: a case study with pollinators of British Columbia. Conservation Science and Practice: in review.

Hollis Woodard, Sarah, Sarah Federman, Rosalind R James, Bryan N. Danforth, Terry L. Griswold, David W Inouye, Quinn S. McFrederick, Lora Morandin, Deborah Paul, Elizabeth Sellers, James P. Strange, Mace Vaughan, Neal M Williams, Michael Branstetter, Casey Burns, James Cane, Alison Cariveau, Daniel Cariveau, Anna K. Childers, Christopher P Childers, Diana L. Cox-Foster, Elaine Evans, Kelsey Graham, Kevin J Hackett, Kimberly Huntzinger, Rebecca E Irwin, Shalene Jha, Sarah P. Lawson, Christina Liang, Margarita M López-Uribe, Andony Melathopolous, Heather Moylett, Clint RV Otto, Lauren Ponisio, Leif L. Richardson, Robyn I Rose, Rajwinder Singh, Wayne Wehling. 2020 provisionally accepted. Toward a national program for monitoring native bees. Biological Conservation, 252:108821.

Long, R.F, Garbach, K., and Morandin, L. 2017. Hedgerow benefits align with food production and sustainability goals. California Agriculture. 71: 117-119.

Lichtenberg, Elinor; Kennedy, Christina; Kremen, Claire; Batary, Peter; Berendse, Frank; Bommarco, Riccardo; Bosque-Pérez, Nilsa; Carvalheiro, Luísa; Snyder, William; Williams, Neal; Winfree, Rachael; Klatt, Björn; Åström, Sandra; Benjamin, Faye; Brittain, Claire; Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca; Clough, Yann; Connelly, Heather; Danforth, Bryan; Diekötter, Tim; Eigenbrode, Sanford; Ekroos, Johan; Elle, Elizabeth; Freitas, Breno; Fukuda, Yuki; Gaines-Day, Hannah; Gratton, Claudio; Holzschuh, Andrea; Isaacs, Rufus; Isaia, Marco; Jha, Shalene; Jonason, Dennis; Jones, Vincent; Klein, Alexandra-Maria; Krauss, Jochen; Letourneau, Deborah; MacFadyen, Sarina; Mallinger, Rachel; Martin, Emily; Martinez, Eliana; Memmott, Jane; Morandin, Lora; Neame, Lisa; Otieno, Mark; Park, Mia; Pfiffner, Lukas; Pocock, Michael; Ponce, Carlos; Potts, Simon; Poveda, Katja; Ramos, Mariangie; Rosenheim, Jay; Rundlöf, Maj; Sardinas, Hilary; Saunders, Manu; Schon, Nicole; Sciligo, Amber; Sidhu, C.; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Tscharntke, Teja; Vesely, Milan; Weisser, Wolfgang; Wilson, Julianna; Crowder, David. 2017. A global synthesis of the effects of diversified farming systems on arthropod diversity within fields and across agricultural landscapes. Global Change Biology. 23: 4946-4957.
Morandin, L.A., R.F. Long, and C. Kremen. 2016. Pest Control and Pollination Cost Benefit Analysis of Hedgerow Restoration in a Simplified Agricultural Landscape. Journal of Economic Entomology http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/...

Lee-Mader, E., J. Hopwood, L. Morandin, M. Vaughan, S. Hoffman Black. 2014. Farming with native beneficial insects. Storey Publishing. North Adams, MA. 257pp.

Long, R.L, and L.A. Morandin. 2011. Low hybrid onion seed yields relate to honey bee visits and insecticide use. California Agriculture, 65(3): 155-159.

Morandin, L.A., and P.D. O’Hara. 2014. Fish oil disrupts feather microstructure and waterproofing. Science of the Total Environment, 496: 257-263.

Morandin, L.A., and P.D. O’Hara. 2016. Offshore oil and gas, and operational sheen occurrence: is there potential harm to marine birds? Environmental Reviews, 24(3): 285-318.Morandin, L.A., R.F. Long, and C. Kremen. 2014. Hedgerows enhance beneficial insects and pest control on adjacent tomato fields in an intensive agricultural landscape. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 189: 164-170.

Morandin, L.A. and C. Kremen. 2013. Farm-scale restoration promotes pollinator populations and exports native bees to adjacent fields. Ecological Applications, 23(4): 829-839.

Morandin, L.A., and C. Kremen. 2013. Bee preference for native versus exotic plants in agricultural hedgerow enhancements, Restoration Ecology, 21: 26-32.

Morandin, L.A., R.L. Long, C.G. Pease, C. Kremen. 2011. Hedgerows enhance beneficial insects in agricultural systems, California Agriculture, 65(4).

Morandin, L.A. 2008. Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination. In: Bee pollination in agricultural ecosystems. Eds.: R. James and T. Pitts-Singer. Oxford University Press.

Morandin, L.A., M.L. Winston, V.A. Abbott, and M.T. Franklin. 2007. Can pastureland increase wild bee abundance in agriculturally intense areas? Basic and Applied Ecology, 8: 117-124.

Morandin, L.A. and M.L. Winston. 2006. Pollinators provide economic incentive to preserve natural land in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 116: 289-292.

Morandin, L.A., M.L. Winston, M.T. Franklin, and V.A. Abbott. 2005. Lethal and sub-lethal effects of spinosad on bumble bees (Bombus impatiens Cresson). Journal of Pest Management Science, 6(7): 619-626.

Morandin, L.A. and M.L. Winston. 2005. Wild Bee Abundance and seed production in conventional, organic, and genetically modified canola. Ecological Applications, 15(3): 871-881.

Morandin, L.A., and M. L. Winston. 2003. Effects of novel pesticides on bumble bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colony health and foraging ability. Environmental Entomology, 32: 555-563.

Morandin, L.A. T.M. Laverty, R.J. Gegear, and P.G. Kevan. 2002. Effect of greenhouse polyethelene covering on activity level and photo-response of bumble bees. The Canadian Entomologist, 134: 539-549.

Morandin, L.A., T.M. Laverty, and P.G. Kevan. 2001. Effect of bumble bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) pollination intensity on the quality of greenhouse tomatoes. Journal of Economic Entomology, 94(1): 172-179.

Morandin, L.A., T.M. Laverty, and P.G. Kevan. 2001. Bumble bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) activity and pollination levels in commercial tomato greenhouses. Journal of Economic Entomology, 94(2): 462-467.

Morandin, L.A., T.M. Laverty, S. Khosla, L. Shipp, and P.G. Kevan. 2001. Bumble bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) activity and loss in commercial tomato greenhouses. The Canadian Entomologist, 133: 883-893.

Sutter, L.Woodcock, B.A., M.P.D. Garratt2, G.D. Powney, R.F. Shaw, J.L. Osborne, J. Soroka, S.A.M. Lindstrom, D. Stanley, P. Ouvrard, M.E. Edwards, F. Jauker, M.E. McCracken, Y. Zou, S.G. Potts, M. Rundlöf, J.A. Noriega, A. Greenop, H.G. Smith, R. Bommarco, W. van der Werf, J.C. Stout, I. Steffan-Dewenter, L. Morandin, J.M. Bullock & R.F. Pywell. 2019. Meta-analysis reveals that pollinator functional diversity and abundance enhance crop pollination and yield. Nature Communications, 10:1481.

Taylor H. Ricketts, James Regetz, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Saul A. Cunningham, Claire Kremen Anne Bogdanski, Barbara Gemmill-Herren, Sarah S. Greenleaf, Alexandra M. Klein, Margaret M. Mayfield, Lora A. Morandin, Alfred Ochieng and Blande F. Viana, 2008. Landscape effects on crop pollination services: are there general patterns? Ecology Letters, 11: 499-515.

Victoria Wojcik, Lisa Smith, William Carromero, Laurie Davies Adams, Seth Davis, Sandra J. DeBano, Candace Fallon, Rich Hatfield, Scott Hoffman Black, Thomas Kaye, Sarina Jepsen, Stephanie McKnight, Lora Morandin, Emma Pelton, Paul Rhoades, Kelly Rourke, Mary Rowland, and Wade Tinkham. 2018. New Research and BMPs in Natural Areas: A Synthesis of the Pollinator Management Symposium from the 44th Natural Areas Conference, October 2017. Natural Areas Journal, 38: 334-346.

Wojcik, V., Morandin, L., Adams, L.D., Rourke, K. 2018. A review of evidence for competition between managed honey bees and native bees in North America. Environmental Entomology, 47:822-833.

Wojcik, V.A. and S. Buchmann. 2012. A review of pollinator conservation and management on infrastructure supporting rights-of-way. Journal of Pollination Ecology- Cholula Special Issue: 7(3) 2012: 16-26

Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Partnerships for Pollinators and Power. Transmission and Distribution World. June pp 30-31.

Wojcik, V.A. and J.R. McBride. 2011. Common factors influence bee foraging in urban and wildland landscapes. Urban Ecosystems, DOI 10.1007/s11252-011-0211-6 Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Resource abundance and distribution drive bee visitation within developing tropical urban landscapes. Journal of Pollination Ecology. 4(7): 48-56, Click here to view.

Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Urban Habitats City size, regional landscape context, and local resource characteristics influence patterns of bee occurrence: A case study from northwestern Costa Rica. Urban Habitats Volume 7: www.urbanhabitats.org, online: http://urbanhabitats.org/v07n01/beeoccurence_full.html

Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) utilizing Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. Ex Kunth(Bignoniaceae) in urban landscapes: A comparison of occurrence patterns and community composition in three cities in northwestern Costa Rica Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 84(3): in press Click here for Costa Rica Data