Explore these helpful programs to aid in your pollinator protection and potato operational activities:

Supporting Pollinators near Potatoes - On Farm Action Guide


1. National Agricultural Statistics Service. (2022). Vegetables 2021 Summary (February 2022). USDA. https://downloads.usda.library....

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3. Stokes, B. 2022. Interview. Conducted by Cody Wilson. 7 November, 2022.

4. Hyde, D. 2022. Interview. Conducted by Cody Wilson. 7 November, 2022.

5. UC IPM. 2019. Agriculture: Potato pest management guidelines. Crop rotation. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources. < https://www2.ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/potato/Crop-Rotation/>

6. Abd-El-Khair, H., and Haggag, W.M. 2007. Application of Some Egyptian Medicinal Plant Extracts Against Potato Late and Early Blights. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 3(3): 166-175. <http://www.aensiweb.net/AENSIWEB/rjabs/rjabs/2007/166-175.pdf>

7. Seaman, A. 2016. Production Guide for Organic Potato. New York State Integrated Pest Management Program, Cornell University: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY. <https://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/42897/2016-org-potatoes-NYSIPM.pdf?sequence=1>

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10. Aranjuelo, I., Irigoyen, J.J., Nogués, S., and Sánchez-Díaz, S. 2009. Elevated CO2 and water-availability effect on gas exchange and nodule development in N2-fixing alfalfa plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 65, 18-26.

11. Esquivel, I.L., Parys, K.A., and Brewer, M.J.2021. Pollination by Non-Apis Bees and Potential Benefits in Self-Pollinating Crops. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 114 (2): 257–266. <https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/saaa059>

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15. Morandin, L.A., Long, R.F., and Kremen, C. 2014. Hedgerows enhance beneficial insects and pest control on adjacent tomato fields in an intensive agricultural landscape. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 189, 164-170.

16. Morandin, L.A. and Kremen, C. 2013. Farm-scale restoration promotes pollinator populations and exports native bees to adjacent fields. Ecological Applications. 23(4), 829-839.

17. M’Gonigle, L.K., Ponisio, L.C., Cutler, K., and Kremen, C. 2015. Habitat restoration promotes pollinator persistence and colonization in intensively managed agriculture. Ecological Applications. 25(6): 1557-1565.<https://doi.org/10.1890/14-1863.1>

18. Buchanan A.L., Gibbs J., Komondy L., & Szendrei Z. (2017). Bee Community of Commercial Potato Fields in Michigan and Bombus impatiens Visitation to Neonicotinoid-Treated Potato Plants. Insects. 8(1):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/insect...

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21. Park, M. G., Blitzer, E. J., Gibbs, J., Losey, J. E., & Danforth, B. N. (2015). Negative effects of pesticides on wild bee communities can be buffered by landscape context. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20150299. https://royalsocietypublishing....

22. Morandin, L. A., Long, R. F., & Kremen, C. (2016). Pest control and pollination cost-benefit analysis of hedgerow restoration in a simplified agricultural landscape. Journal of Economic Entomology 109: 1020–1027. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/to....

23. Blaauw, B. R., & Isaacs, R. (2014). Flower plantings increase wild bee abundance and the pollination services provided to a pollination-dependent crop. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 890–898. https://besjournals.onlinelibr....

24. Garibaldi, L. A., Carvalheiro, L. G., Leonhardt, S. D., Aizen, M. A., Blaauw, B. R., Isaacs, R., Kuhlmann, M., Kleijn, D., Klein, A. M., Kremen, C., Morandin, L., Scheper, J., & Winfree, R. (2014). From research to action: Enhancing crop yield through wild pollinators. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12: 439–447. https://esajournals.onlinelibr....

25. Morandin, L. A., & Kremen, C. (2013). Hedgerow restoration promotes pollinator populations and exports native bees to adjacent fields. Ecological Applications 23: 829–839. https//www.doi/10.1890/12-1051.1.

26. May, E., Isaacs, R., Ullmann, K., Wilson, J., Brokaw, J., Foltz Jordan, S., Gibbs, J., Hopwood, J., Rothwell, N., Vaughan, M., Ward, K., & Williams, N. (2017). Establishing wildflower habitat to support pollinators in Michigan fruit crops. Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-3360: 1–18.

27. Desneux, N., A. Decourtye, and J.-M. Delpuech. (2007). The sublethal effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology 52: 81–106. https://www.annualreviews.org/....

28. Bonmatin, J. M., Giorio, C., Girolami, V., Goulson, D., Kreutzweiser, D. P., Krupke, C., Liess, M., Long, E., Marzaro, M., Mitchell, E. A., Noome, D. A., Simon-Delso, N., & Tapparo, A. (2015). Environmental fate and exposure; neonicotinoids and fipronil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 22(1): 35–67. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356....

29. Dively, G. P., & Kamel, A. (2012). Insecticide residues in pollen and nectar of a cucurbit crop and their potential exposure to pollinators. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 60(18): 4449-4456 https://www.doi.org/10.1021/jf....

30. Stoner, K. A. & Eitzer, B. D. (2012). Movement of soil-applied imidacloprid and thiamethoxam into nectar and pollen of squash (Cucurbita pepo). PLoS One 7: e39114. https://doi.org/10.1371/journa....

31. Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink, J. (2018). Wildflower contamination with neonicotinoids. Science 360(6385): 167-168. https://doi.org/10.1126/scienc....

32. Sgolastra, F., Hinarejos, S., Pitts-Singer, T. L., Boyle, N. K., Joseph, T., Lūckmann, J., Raine, N. E., Singh, R., Williams, N. M., & Bosch, J. (2019). Pesticide exposure assessment paradigm for solitary bees. Environmental Entomology 48(1): 22-–35. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvy....

33. Boyle, N. K., Pitts-Singer, T. L., Abbott, J., Alix, A., Cox-Foster, D. L., Hinarejos, S., Lehmann, D. M., Morandin, L., O’Neill, B., Raine, N. E., Singh, R., Thompson, H. M., Williams, N. M., & Steeger, T. (2019). Workshop on Pesticide Exposure Assessment Paradigm for Non-Apis Bees: Foundation and Summaries. Environmental Entomology 48: 4–11. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvy....

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35. Anderson, N. L., and A. N. Harmon-Threatt. 2019. Chronic contact with realistic soil concentrations of imidacloprid affects the mass, immature development speed, and adult longevity of solitary bees. Scientific Reports:1–9.

36. Smith, D. B., A. N. Arce, A. R. Rodrigues, P. H. Bischoff, D. Burris, F. Ahmed, and R. J. Gill. 2020. Insecticide exposure during brood or early-adult development reduces brain growth and impairs adult learning in bumblebees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 287.

37. Cresswell, J. E., C. J. Page, M. B. Uygun, M. Holmbergh, Y. Li, J. G. Wheeler, I. Laycock, C. J. Pook, N. H. de Ibarra, N. Smirnoff, and C. R. Tyler. 2012. Differential sensitivity of honey bees and bumble bees to a dietary insecticide (imidacloprid). Zoology 115:365–371.

38. Wintermantel, D., B. Locke, G. K. S. Andersson, J. Osterman, T. R. Pedersen, R. Bommarco, M. Rundlöf, J. R. De Miranda, E. Semberg, E. Forsgren, and H. G. Smith. 2018. Field-level clothianidin exposure affects bumblebees but generally not their pathogens. Nature Communications 9.

39. Vidau, C., M. Diogon, J. Aufauvre, R. Fontbonne, B. Viguès, J. L. Brunet, C. Texier, D. G. Biron, N. Blot, H. Alaoui, L. P. Belzunces, and F. Delbac. 2011. Exposure to sublethal doses of fipronil and thiacloprid highly increases mortality of honeybees previously infected by nosema ceranae. PLoS ONE 6.

40. Sandrock, C., L. G. Tanadini, J. S. Pettis, J. C. Biesmeijer, S. G. Potts, and P. Neumann. 2014. Sublethal neonicotinoid insecticide exposure reduces solitary bee reproductive success. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 16:119–128.

41. Rundlöf, M., G. K. S. Andersson, R. Bommarco, I. Fries, V. Hederström, L. Herbertsson, O. Jonsson, B. K. Klatt, T. R. Pedersen, J. Yourstone, and H. G. Smith. 2015. Seed coating with a neonicotinoid insecticide negatively affects wild bees. Nature 521:77–80.

42. Holland J.M., Storkey J., Lutman P.J.W., Henderson I., and Orson J. 2013. The Farm4Bio project: managing uncropped land for biodiversity, 13. Aspects of Applied Biology: Environmental Management on Farmland. 118.

43.UC IPM. 2019. Agriculture: Potato pest management guidelines. Preemergence. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources. <https://ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/potato/preemergence/>.

44. University of Idaho. 2023. Psyllid Management. University of Idaho. <;

45.Ingham, R.E., Hamm, P. B., & Ocamb, C.M. 2023. Potato (Solanum tuberosum)-Nematode, Root-knot.PNW Handbook.