Field Research

Honey bees and native bees in forest ecosystems:

What is the best management practice for pollination services on production forest landscapes? How do pollinators impact wildlife food availability in these managed landscapes? And most importantly, how are honey bees and native bees interacting on this landscape? Pollinator Partnership (P2) is conducting field research in production timberlands in Southern Mississippi to understand how the pollinators in this unique system interact with local land use.

Managing native bees with food and housing near heirloom agriculture:

Pollinators need food and shelter to survive and thrive. P2 is working with a local partner, Native Seeds SEARCH, to study how pollinator populations can increase with food plantings and nest site provisioning and how this might improve local seed production. If more nest sites are available will you get more bees, and more importantly, a yield increase? Understanding how pollinators can be managed to increase agricultural productivity is important for sustainable farming.

Pollinator Partnership Research Updates

Pollinator Partnership Research Team Wins Reviewers' Choice Award

Pollinator Partnership is excited to announce that our research team's submission to Environmental Entomology has won the Reviewers’ Choice Award! Check out the research article Floral Resource Competition Between Honey Bees and Wild Bees: Is There Clear Evidence and Can We Guide Management and Conservation? by our incredible team members Dr. Victoria Wojcik, Dr. Lora Morandin, Laurie Davies Adams, and Kelly Rourke by clicking HERE.

Conservation Reserve Program Study

P2’s Pollinator Service CRP study is looking at how different conservation practices and seed mixes in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) impact native pollinators and honey bees. Field studies are the best way to collect data on how ecological systems really function, but this also means that you don’t have the same control over variables that you might in a lab. CRP lands are intended for wildlife and they are doing their job! We’ve gotten great results on bees and other pollinators across four states in our study. In Montana CRP lands support prong horn, sage grouse, and other small and large mammals – like grizzle bears. Bears do love bee hives. They love eating honey and protein-filled larvae, and they are willing to suffer the stings to get a snack. We’ve been lucky enough over three years not to have had any curious bears at our hives, until this year! Not to worry. Our equipment is unharmed and while there is a mess to clean-up we have all of the data up to peak honey flow. Next year it might be a good idea to invest in a bear fence! Stay tuned for final updates as our CRP study comes to an end in 2015.

Endangered Plants Get Boost from P2 in Southern California

The spring bloom is winding down and making way for summer in the Santa Susana Mountains that sit between Simi Valley and Ventura, just north of Hollywood, in Southern California. Last week P2 scientists and field staff were out collecting data on the pollinators of Braunton's milk-vetch (Astragalus brauntonii) – an endangered species with a limited population at the Santa Susana Field Lab restoration site.

Braunton's milk-vetch is a fire adapted species native to the coastal shrub lands of Southern California. Development and years of fire suppression have severely limited habitat opportunities. As part of our review of pollinator ecosystems at Santa Susana Field Lab P2 scientists are documenting the pollinator relationships of this endangered plant. Its bloom is short and seasonal, but its purple flowers are visited by carpenter bees, leafcutter bees, bumble bees, and honey bees. Knowing the plant-pollinator interactions of a species is essential for conservation and management. Background on this endangered species is very limited; our fieldwork is providing some of the first structured data on the pollinators of A. brauntonii.

North Carolina Farmers and Pollinators Get a Boost from Burt's Bees and Pollinator Partnership

With support from Burt's Bees' The Greater Good Foundation, the North Carolina Bee Buffer Project is officially in the ground! The project brings together business and industry, government, academia and the non-profit sector to work with farmland across North Carolina to enhance pollinator habitat.

There are 8.5 million acres of farmland in North Carolina represented by over 50,000 farms with an average of 175 acres per farm. North Carolina farms produce pollinator-dependent fruits and vegetables, including cucumbers, squash, apples, tomatoes, blueberries, strawberries, and peppers. The primary focus of this project is centered on creating pollinator habitat in collaboration with the fruit and vegetable farms to reach Burt's Bees' goal of impacting 10,000 acres for pollinators by 2020. That means bees across North Carolina will be invited to forage on plentiful nutrition in the planted areas and nearby pollinator dependent crops.

At the end of April, P2 installed the inaugural bee buffers, one in Graham and the other in Durham, North Carolina. These pilot gardens will be used as research and demonstration gardens to get other farms interested in planting bee buffers, develop technical guidance, and develop North Carolina-specific planting lists with NRCS. The P2 planting crew planted over 4,200 plants in two days during tornado conditions. A huge thanks to our volunteers who joined the planting effort!

P2 Provides Much-Needed Assessment for Agriculture:
Securing Pollinator Health and Crop Protection: Communication and Adoption of Farm Management Techniques in Four Crops

Pollinator Partnership (P2) was contracted by the USDA and EPA to conduct a review of crop protection best management practices (BMPs) when considering the health and safety of pollinating insects.

P2 examined four cropping systems in the United States to give a fair example of the current state and awareness of pollinator protection in agriculture. Almond, apple, and melon crops were chosen due to their dependence on insect pollination. The fourth crop, corn, though pollinated by wind, was chosen as a result of its extensive production and potential for contamination of toxic pesticides.

Overall, BMPs during bloom are understood and pollinator protection is made a priority for most crop growers and applicators. Common practices include carefully reading product labels, night-spraying, and equipment maintenance. Protection methods in pre and post bloom periods are less prevalent, sometimes nonexistent. Resources available on a regional or state scope are inconsistent.

This review focuses on, but is not limited to, honey bee protection due to their wide-spread use in many commercial cropping systems. BMPs for pest, fungus, and disease management can be designed to safeguard both pollinators and crop production.

P2 hopes that this report will lead to the implementation of year round and geographic specific BMPs with an emphasis in communication and user friendly resources. This report will be made available to the public soon.

P2 Science Publications

Buchmann, S. 2011. Moths on the Flatbed Scanner: The Art of Joseph Scheer.
Insects 2011, 2, 1 - x

( It can be located as follows: ISSN 2075-4450

Gutierrez, R.V., D.W. Roubik, F. J. Guemex-Ricalde, S. Buchmann and Wilberto Colli-Ucan.
2012. Journal of Apicultural Research,

Wojcik, V.A. and S. Buchmann. 2012. A review of pollinator conservation and management on infrastructure supporting rights-of-way. Journal of Pollination Ecology- Cholula Special Issue: 7(3) 2012: 16-26

Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Partnerships for Pollinators and Power. Transmission and Distribution World. June pp 30-31.

Wojcik, V.A. and J.R. McBride. 2011. Common factors influence bee foraging in urban and wildland landscapes. Urban Ecosystems, DOI 10.1007/s11252-011-0211-6 Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Resource abundance and distribution drive bee visitation within developing tropical urban landscapes. Journal of Pollination Ecology. 4(7): 48-56, Click here to view.

Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Urban Habitats City size, regional landscape context, and local resource characteristics influence patterns of bee occurrence: A case study from northwestern Costa Rica. Urban Habitats Volume 7:, online:

Wojcik, V.A. 2011. Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) utilizing Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. Ex Kunth(Bignoniaceae) in urban landscapes: A comparison of occurrence patterns and community composition in three cities in northwestern Costa Rica Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 84(3): in press Click here for Costa Rica Data